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What Do Eastern Subterranean Termites Look Like?

Early detection and prompt action are the best methods for halting a pest infestation. The activity of specific types of termites can tell the pest control professional about the activities of the colony. An example of this is the breeding season where the breeding termites may be busy constructing their nests. Catching the early part of this season can help you to eliminate them from your property before the colony grows. The general traits of these termites can tell you a lot about what is happening in the colony.

General Characteristics

Eastern subterranean termites have a general appearance that includes a segmented body with color gradations that intensify almost to the point of being solid near the head. The mid-section is bright yellow, and the tail area is honey-colored. There are ridges along the length of the body, and two antennae protrude from the head area. From a short distance, it is not possible to identify many distinguishing characteristics, but these pests also have several types of castes. Each of them has differentiating traits, which can help professionals to identify the type of pest. However, this examination must be performed at close range because the four basic types of termites may all appear identical to the untrained eye. Most casual observers will see right away that all of these termites are around three inches long and have similar colored bodies.

Specific Traits

Eastern subterranean termites are divided into three groups: Workers, soldiers and breeding termites. The workers and soldiers do not have wings, and they are similar in appearance in many other respects. The worker termites have a round head that is grey in color. The soldier termites have a rectangle-shaped head that is yellow and brown. Additionally, soldier termites have large mandibles that can be used to crush their enemies, and ants are a common target for this defensive function. They are charged with the protection of the colony, yet they rely on the food provided by worker termites because they cannot feed themselves. The breeding termites do have wing buds on their bodies, and they are sometimes called nymphs. They do not have the working capacity of the worker termite, but they do stay busy tending to their own nests. Their bodies are significantly longer than the worker or soldier termites.

Proven Pest Management

Termites are capable of destroying the wood in the structural portion of the buildings where they infest. Eastern subterranean termites can present an additional problem for people who are not accustomed to dealing with these pests. Since they have the capacity to burrow underground, you can experience a pest infestation long before you are even aware of their presence. Contact Proven Pest Management and our pest professhionals can assist you and eliminate these insect colonies from your property.

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